Dr Bettina Lange

Bettina Lange

Associate Professor in Law and Regulation

Contact Details bettina.lange@csls.ox.ac.uk
0044 (0) 1865 284226


BA (Law and Sociology, Warwick University), PhD (Law, Warwick University)


Bettina was a Jean-Monnet Fellow at the European University Institute, Florence, Italy from September 2004 to January 2005.

Core research Interests

Core teaching and supervision interests

  1. Regulation (BCL/MJur)
  2. Comparative and Global Environmental Law (BCL/MJur)
  3. Environmental law (FHS Environmental Law)
  4. Theory and Methods in Socio-Legal Research


Bettina has carried out consultancy work for the Environment Agency for England and Wales on trust based environmental regulation.


Fisher, Lange, Scotford (2013) Environmental Law: Text, Cases and Materials (OUP), for further info about the book click here :http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199270880.do. Updated chapters here.

Lange, Bettina; 2008, ‘Implementing EU Pollution Control: Law and Integration’, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 316 pp. [more info]

For a review of the book click here http://jel.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/eqn032

Edited Collections

Lange, Thomas, Haines (eds) (2015) Regulatory Transformations: Rethinking Economy and Society Interactions, Hart, Onati Socio-Legal Series, forthcoming.

Lange, Thomas, Sarat (2013) ‘From Economy to Society: Perspectives on Transnational Risk Regulation’, vol. 62, Studies in Law, Politics and Society.

Lange, B. and Thomas, D. (2011) 'Socializing Economic Relationships: A Critique of Business Regulation', special issue of Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 62 (4), winter 2011.

Karstedt, Susanne and Bettina Lange (eds.), 2007, ‘International and Comparative Perspectives: Socio-Legal Studies Across the Channel and Beyond’, Special Issue of  ‘Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie’, vol. 28, no. 2

Lange et. al. (eds.) 2003, ‘Regulatory Spaces and Interactions’, Special Issue of  Social and Legal Studies.

Articles in international refereed journals

Bettina Lange and Christina Cook (2015) ‘Mapping a Developing Governance Space: Managing Drought in the UK’, Current Legal Problems, 1-38

Alexiadou and Lange (2014) ‘Europeanising the national education space - Adjusting to the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) in the UK’, International Journal of Public Administration, pp. 1-10

Lange, B. and Shepheard, M. (2014) ‘Changing Conceptions of Rights to Water? An Eco-Socio-Legal Perspective’, Journal of Environmental Law, p. 1-28.

Alexiadou & Lange, 2012, Deflecting European Union Influence on National Education Policy-Making: The Case of the United Kingdom, European Integration,
pp. 1-16.

Castellano, Jeunemaitre, Lange, 2012, ‘Reforming European Union Financial Regulation: Thinking through Governance Models’, European
Business Law Review
, pp. 437-474.

A. Faulkner, B. Lange & C. Lawless, (2012) ‘Introduction: Material Worlds: Intersections of Law, Science, Technology, and Society’, Journal of Law and Society, vol. 39, no.1, pp. 1-19.

Lange, Bettina (2011) ‘Socializing Economic Relationships: A Critique of Business Regulation: Introduction’, Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 62 (4), pp. 393-9.

Lange, Bettina, 2011, 'The EU Directive on Industrial Emissions: Squaring the Circle of Integrated, Harmonised and Ambitious Technology Standards?' Environmental Law Review, 13, pp. 169-174.

Lange, Bettina and Andrew Gouldson, 2010, 'Trustbased Environmental Regulation', Science of the Total Environment, 408, pp. 5235-5243.

Lange, Bettina;  2010, ‘Media Regulation and “Celebrity Big Brother”: Some Critical Reflections’, Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law 7 (2).

Fisher; Liz, Lange, Bettina; Scotford, Eloise; Carlarne, Cinnamon, 2009, ‘Maturity and Methodology: Reflecting on How to Do Environmental Law Scholarship, Journal of Environmental Law, pp. 1-38. The article is discussed in Cryer et al. (2011) Research Methodologies in EU and International Law (Oxford, Hart), pp. 7-9.

Lange, Bettina and Alexiadou, Nafsika, 2010, ‘Governing through learning about policy: just all words? An introduction to policy learning in the context of open methods of co-ordinating education in the European Union (EU)’, 25 (4), Journal of Education Policy, pp. 443-463.

Alexiadou, Fink-Hafner, Lange, 2010, ‘Education policy convergence through the Open Method of Co-ordination (OMC): Theoretical reflections and implementation in ‘old’ and ‘new’ national contexts’, vol. 9 (3), European Educational Research Journal pp. 345-358.

Lange, Bettina; 2007, ‘Understanding law in many worlds – Socio- and Empirical Legal Research in the UK and Germany’, Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie, 28 (7), pp. 145-157

Lange, Bettina and Nafsika, Alexiadou, 2007, ‘New Forms of European Union Governance in the Education Sector?  - a Preliminary Analysis of the Open Method of Co-ordination’, in: European Educational Research Journal, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp.321-335

Lange, Bettina; 2006, ‘Searching for the Best Available Techniques – Open and Closed Norms in the Implementation of the EU Directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control’, in: International Journal of  Law  in Context, 2,1;  pp. 67-88.

Lange, Bettina; 2003, ‘Regulatory Spaces and Interactions: An Introduction’, in: Bettina Lange et. al. (eds.) ‘Regulatory Spaces and Interactions’, Special Issue of  Social and Legal Studies, pp. 411-423

Lange, Bettina; 2002, ‘The Emotional Dimension in Legal Regulation’, in: Picciotto and Campbell (eds.), 2002, ‘New Directions in Regulatory Theory’, Special Issue of  the Journal of  Law and Society, 29 (1), 197-225

Lange, Bettina; 2002, ‘What does Law Know? – Prescribing and Describing the Social World in the Enforcement of  Legal Rules’, in: International Journal of  the Sociology of  Law, vol. 30, pp. 131-150

Lange, Bettina; 2002, ‘From Boundary Drawing to Transition Points: The Creation of Normativity under the IPPC Directive’, in: European Law Journal, 8(2), pp. 226-246, reprinted in Holder and Lee (eds.) 2007, ‘Environmental Protection, Law and Policy’, p. 372.

Lange, Bettina; 2000, ‘Economic Appraisal and Changing Forms of  Governance’, Review Article, in: Modern Law Review, 63 (2), pp. 294-307

Lange, Bettina; 1999, ‘National Environmental Regulation? A Case Study of  Waste Management in England and Germany’, in: Journal of Environmental Law, vol. 11 (1), Spring 1999, pp. 59-86

Lange, Bettina; 1999, ‘Compliance Construction in the Context of  Environmental Regulation’, in: Social and Legal Studies, vol. 8 (4), pp. 549-567.

Lange, Bettina; 1998, ‘Understanding Regulatory Law: Empirical vs. Systems-theoretical Approaches?’, in: Oxford Journal of  Legal Studies, 18 (3), 449-471

Book chapters

Lange, B. and Haines, F. (2015) ‘Regulatory Transformations: Introduction’, in: Lange, Thomas, Haines (eds) Regulatory Transformations: Rethinking Economy and Society Interactions, Hart Publishing, forthcoming.  

Lange, B. (2015) Regulating economic activity through performative discourses: a case study of the European Union (EU) carbon market’, in: Lange, Thomas, Haines (eds) Regulatory Transformations: Rethinking Economy and Society Interactions, Hart Publishing, forthcoming.

Lange, B. (2013) ‘After a Romantic Aspiration to Society: Harnessing the Regulatory Capacity of a Social Sphere’, in: Lange, Thomas, Sarat (2013) ‘From Economy to Society: Perspectives on Transnational Risk Regulation’, pp. 1-21.

Lange, B. (2013) ‘From Polanyi to Discourse Theory’, in: Lange, Thomas, Sarat (2013) ‘From Economy to Society: Perspectives on Transnational Risk Regulation’, pp. 73-101.

Lange, Bettina, 2012, 'Getting to Yes: Structuring and disciplining arguments for and against transgenic agricultural products in European Union (EU) authorisations', in Brad Jessup and Kim Rubinstein (eds) Environmental Discourses, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp 143-168.

Lange, Bettina, 2010, ‘Foucauldian Inspired Discourse Analysis: A Contribution to Critical Environmental Law Scholarship? ‘, in: Andreas Philippopoulos-Mihalopoulos (ed.) Law and Ecology: New Environmental Legal Foundations. London: Routledge, pp. 39-64.

Lange, Bettina and Alexiadou, Nafsika; 2010, ‘How to govern for solidarity?’, in: Ross, Malcolm and Borgman-Prebil, Yuri (eds.), in: ‘Developing Solidarity in the EU: Citizenship, Governance and New  Constitutional Paradigms', Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp 235-261.

Alexiadou N. and Lange B., 2010 ‘The Open Method of Coordination and the Governance of Education in Europe’, in: A. Pitsela (Ed), Criminology: Searching for Answers, Honorary Volume for Professor Stergios Alexiadis, Thessaloniki: Sakkoula, pp. 23-48. ISBN: 9789604455850 (invited contribution).

Lange, Bettina; 2010, ‘Thinking about procedure: understanding legitimacy in EU environmental governance networks’, in: Olaf Dilling, Martin Herberg and Gerd Winter (eds.), Transnational Administrative Rule-Making: Performance, Legal Effects, and Legitimacy Oxford, Hart Publishing, pp. 41-76.

Lange, Bettina, 2008,  ‘Regulation’, in: Cane, Peter and Joanne Conaghan (eds.), in: The New Oxford Companion to Law.

Lange, Bettina; 2007, How to conceptualize law in European Union integration processes?  - Perspectives from the literature and empirical research’, in:  Gessner, Volkmar (ed.); 2007, ‘European Ways of Law’, Hart Publishing, Oxford, pp. 255-276.

Lange, Bettina; 2006, ‘Social Dynamics of  Regulatory Interactions: An Exploration of  Three Sociological Perspectives’, pp. 141-164, in: M. Freedman (ed.) ‘Law and Sociology’, Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Lange, Bettina; 2005, ‘Researching Discourse and Behaviour as Aspects of  Law in Action’, in: R. Banakar and M. Travers (eds.), ‘Theory and Method in Socio-Legal Research’, Oxford, Hart Publishing, pp. 175-194. The chapter is summarised and discussed in Cryer et al. (2011) Research Methodologies in EU and International Law (Oxford, Hart), pp. 86-88.

Lange, Bettina; 1996, ‘Europeanization or Localization of  Law? – the Example of  the Enforcement of Environmental Policies in Germany’, in: Harding, C & Swart, A.H.G. (eds.), ‘Enforcing European Community Rules’, Dartmouth, pp. 176-201.


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