Dr Bettina Lange

Bettina Lange

Associate Professor in Law and Regulation

Contact Details bettina.lange@csls.ox.ac.uk
0044 (0) 1865 284226


BA (Law and Sociology, Warwick University), PhD (Law, Warwick University)


Bettina was a Jean-Monnet Fellow at the European University Institute, Florence, Italy from September 2004 to January 2005.

Core research Interests

Core teaching and supervision interests

  1. Regulation (BCL/MJur)
  2. Comparative and Global Environmental Law (BCL/MJur)
  3. Environmental law (FHS Environmental Law)
  4. Theory and Methods in Socio-Legal Research


Bettina has carried out consultancy work for the Environment Agency for England and Wales on trust based environmental regulation.


Fisher, Lange, Scotford (2013) Environmental Law: Text, Cases and Materials (OUP), for further info about the book click here :http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199270880.do. Updated chapters here.

Lange, Bettina; 2008, ‘Implementing EU Pollution Control: Law and Integration’, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 316 pp. [more info]

For a review of the book click here http://jel.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/eqn032

Edited Collections

Lange, Thomas, Sarat (2013) ‘From Economy to Society: Perspectives on Transnational Risk Regulation’, vol. 62, Studies in Law, Politics and Society.

Lange, B. and Thomas, D. (2011) 'Socializing Economic Relationships: A Critique of Business Regulation', special issue of Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 62 (4), winter 2011.

Karstedt, Susanne and Bettina Lange (eds.), 2007, ‘International and Comparative Perspectives: Socio-Legal Studies Across the Channel and Beyond’, Special Issue of  ‘Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie’, vol. 28, no. 2

Lange et. al. (eds.) 2003, ‘Regulatory Spaces and Interactions’, Special Issue of  Social and Legal Studies.

Articles in international refereed journals

Alexiadou and Lange (2014) ‘Europeanising the national education space - Adjusting to the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) in the UK’, International Journal of Public Administration, accepted for publication

Lange, B. and Shepheard, M. (2014) ‘Changing Conceptions of Rights to Water? An Eco-Socio-Legal Perspective’, Journal of Environmental Law, p. 1-28.

Alexiadou & Lange, 2012, Deflecting European Union Influence on National Education Policy-Making: The Case of the United Kingdom, European Integration,
pp. 1-16.

Castellano, Jeunemaitre, Lange, 2012, ‘Reforming European Union Financial Regulation: Thinking through Governance Models’, European
Business Law Review
, pp. 437-474.

A. Faulkner, B. Lange & C. Lawless, (2012) ‘Introduction: Material Worlds: Intersections of Law, Science, Technology, and Society’, Journal of Law and Society, vol. 39, no.1, pp. 1-19.

Lange, Bettina (2011) ‘Socializing Economic Relationships: A Critique of Business Regulation: Introduction’, Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 62 (4), pp. 393-9.

Lange, Bettina, 2011, 'The EU Directive on Industrial Emissions: Squaring the Circle of Integrated, Harmonised and Ambitious Technology Standards?' Environmental Law Review, 13, pp. 169-174.

Lange, Bettina and Andrew Gouldson, 2010, 'Trustbased Environmental Regulation', Science of the Total Environment, 408, pp. 5235-5243.

Lange, Bettina;  2010, ‘Media Regulation and “Celebrity Big Brother”: Some Critical Reflections’, Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law 7 (2).

Fisher; Liz, Lange, Bettina; Scotford, Eloise; Carlarne, Cinnamon, 2009, ‘Maturity and Methodology: Reflecting on How to Do Environmental Law Scholarship, Journal of Environmental Law, pp. 1-38. The article is discussed in Cryer et al. (2011) Research Methodologies in EU and International Law (Oxford, Hart), pp. 7-9.

Lange, Bettina and Alexiadou, Nafsika, 2010, ‘Governing through learning about policy: just all words? An introduction to policy learning in the context of open methods of co-ordinating education in the European Union (EU)’, 25 (4), Journal of Education Policy, pp. 443-463.

Alexiadou, Fink-Hafner, Lange, 2010, ‘Education policy convergence through the Open Method of Co-ordination (OMC): Theoretical reflections and implementation in ‘old’ and ‘new’ national contexts’, vol. 9 (3), European Educational Research Journal pp. 345-358.

Lange, Bettina; 2007, ‘Understanding law in many worlds – Socio- and Empirical Legal Research in the UK and Germany’, Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie, 28 (7), pp. 145-157

Lange, Bettina and Nafsika, Alexiadou, 2007, ‘New Forms of European Union Governance in the Education Sector?  - a Preliminary Analysis of the Open Method of Co-ordination’, in: European Educational Research Journal, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp.321-335

Lange, Bettina; 2006, ‘Searching for the Best Available Techniques – Open and Closed Norms in the Implementation of the EU Directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control’, in: International Journal of  Law  in Context, 2,1;  pp. 67-88.

Lange, Bettina; 2003, ‘Regulatory Spaces and Interactions: An Introduction’, in: Bettina Lange et. al. (eds.) ‘Regulatory Spaces and Interactions’, Special Issue of  Social and Legal Studies, pp. 411-423

Lange, Bettina; 2002, ‘The Emotional Dimension in Legal Regulation’, in: Picciotto and Campbell (eds.), 2002, ‘New Directions in Regulatory Theory’, Special Issue of  the Journal of  Law and Society, 29 (1), 197-225

Lange, Bettina; 2002, ‘What does Law Know? – Prescribing and Describing the Social World in the Enforcement of  Legal Rules’, in: International Journal of  the Sociology of  Law, vol. 30, pp. 131-150

Lange, Bettina; 2002, ‘From Boundary Drawing to Transition Points: The Creation of Normativity under the IPPC Directive’, in: European Law Journal, 8(2), pp. 226-246, reprinted in Holder and Lee (eds.) 2007, ‘Environmental Protection, Law and Policy’, p. 372.

Lange, Bettina; 2000, ‘Economic Appraisal and Changing Forms of  Governance’, Review Article, in: Modern Law Review, 63 (2), pp. 294-307

Lange, Bettina; 1999, ‘National Environmental Regulation? A Case Study of  Waste Management in England and Germany’, in: Journal of Environmental Law, vol. 11 (1), Spring 1999, pp. 59-86

Lange, Bettina; 1999, ‘Compliance Construction in the Context of  Environmental Regulation’, in: Social and Legal Studies, vol. 8 (4), pp. 549-567.

Lange, Bettina; 1998, ‘Understanding Regulatory Law: Empirical vs. Systems-theoretical Approaches?’, in: Oxford Journal of  Legal Studies, 18 (3), 449-471

Book chapters

Lange, B. (2013) ‘After a Romantic Aspiration to Society: Harnessing the Regulatory Capacity of a Social Sphere’, in: Lange, Thomas, Sarat (2013) ‘From Economy to Society: Perspectives on Transnational Risk Regulation’, pp. 1-21.

Lange, B. (2013) ‘From Polanyi to Discourse Theory’, in: Lange, Thomas, Sarat (2013) ‘From Economy to Society: Perspectives on Transnational Risk Regulation’, pp. 73-101.

Lange, Bettina, 2012, 'Getting to Yes: Structuring and disciplining arguments for and against transgenic agricultural products in European Union (EU) authorisations', in Brad Jessup and Kim Rubinstein (eds) Environmental Discourses, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp 143-168.

Lange, Bettina, 2010, ‘Foucauldian Inspired Discourse Analysis: A Contribution to Critical Environmental Law Scholarship? ‘, in: Andreas Philippopoulos-Mihalopoulos (ed.) Law and Ecology: New Environmental Legal Foundations. London: Routledge, pp. 39-64.

Lange, Bettina and Alexiadou, Nafsika; 2010, ‘How to govern for solidarity?’, in: Ross, Malcolm and Borgman-Prebil, Yuri (eds.), in: ‘Developing Solidarity in the EU: Citizenship, Governance and New  Constitutional Paradigms', Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp 235-261.

Alexiadou N. and Lange B., 2010 ‘The Open Method of Coordination and the Governance of Education in Europe’, in: A. Pitsela (Ed), Criminology: Searching for Answers, Honorary Volume for Professor Stergios Alexiadis, Thessaloniki: Sakkoula, pp. 23-48. ISBN: 9789604455850 (invited contribution).

Lange, Bettina; 2010, ‘Thinking about procedure: understanding legitimacy in EU environmental governance networks’, in: Olaf Dilling, Martin Herberg and Gerd Winter (eds.), Transnational Administrative Rule-Making: Performance, Legal Effects, and Legitimacy Oxford, Hart Publishing, pp. 41-76.

Lange, Bettina, 2008,  ‘Regulation’, in: Cane, Peter and Joanne Conaghan (eds.), in: The New Oxford Companion to Law.

Lange, Bettina; 2007, How to conceptualize law in European Union integration processes?  - Perspectives from the literature and empirical research’, in:  Gessner, Volkmar (ed.); 2007, ‘European Ways of Law’, Hart Publishing, Oxford, pp. 255-276.

Lange, Bettina; 2006, ‘Social Dynamics of  Regulatory Interactions: An Exploration of  Three Sociological Perspectives’, pp. 141-164, in: M. Freedman (ed.) ‘Law and Sociology’, Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Lange, Bettina; 2005, ‘Researching Discourse and Behaviour as Aspects of  Law in Action’, in: R. Banakar and M. Travers (eds.), ‘Theory and Method in Socio-Legal Research’, Oxford, Hart Publishing, pp. 175-194. The chapter is summarised and discussed in Cryer et al. (2011) Research Methodologies in EU and International Law (Oxford, Hart), pp. 86-88.

Lange, Bettina; 1996, ‘Europeanization or Localization of  Law? – the Example of  the Enforcement of Environmental Policies in Germany’, in: Harding, C & Swart, A.H.G. (eds.), ‘Enforcing European Community Rules’, Dartmouth, pp. 176-201.


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